Identification Key Frogfishes
Subtropical and sub-temperate Australia
Occurence of frogfish species
Perth (subtropical): Allenichthys glauerti, Antennatus nummifer, Histiophryne cryptacanthus, Phyllophryne scortea, Rhycherus gloveri
Adelaide (sub-temperate): Allenichthys glauerti, Echinophryne crassispina, Echinophryne reynoldsi, Histiophryne bougainvilli, Histiophryne cryptacanthus, Phyllophryne scortea, Rhycherus filamentosus, Rhycherus gloveri
Melbourne (sub-temperate): Echinophryne crassispina, Echinophryne mitchelli, Echinophryne reynoldsi, Histiophryne bougainvilli, Histiophryne cryptacanthus, Kuiterichthys furcipilis, Phyllophryne scortea, Rhycherus filamentosus
Tasmania (sub-temperate): Echinophryne crassispina, Echinophryne mitchelli, Kuiterichthys furcipilis, Phyllophryne scortea
Sydney (subtropical): Antennatus nummifer, Histiophryne bougainvilli, Kuiterichthys furcipilis, Kuiterichthys pietschi, Antennariidae gen. et nov. sp.
Anglerfish-Species of subtropical and sub-temperate Australia
Allenichthys glauerti is found rarely and lives in deep waters.
Antennatus nummifer lives in the warmer water towards the north.
The three species of Echinophryne only differ in the shape of the lure and the length of the dermal spinules and slightly in therri habitat and range. Echinophryne mitchelli differs from the other species, that it's skin is yellowish to green. Both Echinophryne mitchelli and Echinophryne crassispina have skin prickly with dermal spinules while Echinophryne reynoldsi has smaller dermal spinules and spots.
The two species of Histiophryne are very difficult to differ. If you see one of the more unusual colorings (small close-set red ocelli with a white margin) it is Histiophryne cryptacanthus.
This frogfish is very uncommon and has a very distinct look from other anglerfishes in this area - a large ocelli and a very thin second dorsal spine. Can only be confused with Kuiterichthys pietschi, but this frogfish doesn't have a ocellus and is only found in New South Wales.
This frogfish species hasn't been described yet and has only been found around Bare Island (close to Sydney). It is usually grey to white with a redish margin on the fins.
The smooth frogfish has very smooth skin nearly without any dermal spinules. It is also one of the more colorful frogfishes in southern Australia
The two species of Rhycherus both have a lot of skin appendages and skin flaps. They can only be told apart by the shape of their lure. R. gloveri is found in the western part of the Great Australian Bight, R. filamentosus in the middle and in the east of the Bay.
This identification key is only for species of the subfamily Antennariinae
(frogfishes, family Antennariidae, suborder Antennarioidei) which are
frogfishes living in tropical and Subtropical waters.
I identified all frogfishes (anglerfishes) to my best knowledge. Frogfishes are specially difficult to identify (see tips for identification) so mistakes are possible of course! Please write to me, if you have any questions. Latin names according to the newest scientific findings, ITIS Standard Report and Fishbase.
. Copyright Teresa Zubi