Identification Key Frogfishes
For a overwiew of all frogfishes from this area click here.
Question: Which size?
Over 10cm length
Antennarius commerson and Antennarius pictus are the frogfishes most commenly found in Hawaii. They like to sit on exposed areas and are quite large. Unfortunately they both belong to the so called Pictus-group and it is quite difficult to distinguish them. Means of identification for frogfishes of the Antennarius pictus group.
Over 10cm length and striped
Antennarius striatus and Histrio histrio are the only striped frogfishes in Hawaii. Histrio histrio has very large ventral fins. Antennarius striatus has a very large esca that looks like a worm.
Around 10cm length
Antennatus coccineus and Antennatus nummifer both belong to the genus Antennatus and are difficult to distinguish from each other. Here some characteristics that might help with an identification:
Antennatus coccineus - Lacks distinct tail base (dorsal and anal fins
end at base of tail fin)
Under 10cm length
The following frogfishes are very small and are often overlooked by divers. Only a few pictures exist - so if you have a photo, please write me.
Antennarius randalli is a tiny frogfish and is identified by the round white spots which are positioned on the body and on the tail.
Antennatus linearis has a lot of very fine lines on the entire body.
Antennatus tuberosus shows honeycomb patterns on its skin, its color is yellow, redish and pink and it has a striped tail.
This identification key is only for species of the subfamily Antennariinae (frogfishes, family Antennariidae, suborder Antennarioidei) which are frogfishes living in tropical and Subtropical waters.
I identified all frogfishes (anglerfishes) to my best knowledge. Frogfishes are specially difficult to identify (see tips for identification) so mistakes are possible of course! Please write to me, if you have any questions. Latin names according to the newest scientific findings, ITIS Standard Report and Fishbase.
. Copyright Teresa Zubi